Literacy was once known simply as the ability to read and write. Today, it’s about being able to make sense of and engage in advanced reading, writing, listening and speaking. Targeting your students’ literacy development will involve these many facets which will come up in a great variety of natural, spontaneous, as well as planned situations.
Children's Literature in the Kindergarten Class
These 4 videos illustrate techniques that help the children make meaning from text. The teachers portrayed here work in the English sector, one in a disadvantaged area school, the other in a 50% immersion program. They all received initial training in the techniques shown here. (French videos, English text)
Reading the image
In this video, a teacher helps the children become more adept and autonomous readers by interpreting visual cues relating to place, time, the characters, their actions and feelings.
In this video, the teacher encourages her students to make predictions before and while reading a story. She gets them to call upon their personal experience, prior knowledge, and the cues found in the text and the illustrations. Developing this strategy helps students become more actively involved in their search for meaning.
In this video, a teacher encourages the students to make a variety of inferences while reading the story in order to make the causal chain more apparent. The children thus realise that a story is not simply an enumeration of events but rather a series of adventures linked through cause and effect.
Children in Kindergarten are usually somewhere in the range between early emergent readers and emergent readers.
Early emergent readers are beginning to learn sound/symbol relationships - starting with consonants and short vowels - and are able to read consonant-vowel-consonant words, as well as a number of high-frequency words.
Emergent readers are developing a much better grasp of comprehension strategies and word-attack skills. They can recognize different types of text, particularly fiction and nonfiction, and recognize that reading has a variety of purposes.
Here are illustrations of the range of behaviours that can be seen in our classrooms.
Responding to picture cues
Children use picture cues to help them assemble a puzzle
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