Home About LEARN Services and publications Contact us Help Site map Français
Learn Logo

BAL: Citizenship and Community Life BAL5_Community_Outline

Educational Aim
To enable students to take part in the democratic life of the class or the school and develop an attitude of openness to the world and respect for diversity.

"Like the society of which they are a part, schools bring together students of diverse social and cultural origins, with a variety of traditions, beliefs, values and ideologies. Students therefore confront on a daily basis situations that pose challenges related to cooperation. This makes the school an ideal place for learning to respect others and accept their differences, to be receptive to pluralism, to maintain egalitarian relationships with others and to reject all forms of exclusion, such as those based on physical characteristics, age, ethnic background, gender or sexual orientation..." 
Read more by viewing page 13 of the Quebec Education Program here.

"Focuses of Development"

The following  suggested resources to support projects and learning situations, are organized according to the three "Focuses of Development" outlined in the Quebec Education Program. (Updated with corrections and new sections Oct. 2010)

Back to top


  • knowledge of international conflicts
  • reflection on the concept of power: situations of cooperation and of aggression, taxing and violence in the school, peaceful management of power relations
  • awareness of the interdependence of individuals, generations and peoples
  • application of the principle of equal rights
  • understanding of the negative consequences of stereotypes and other forms of discrimination or exclusion
  • understanding of mechanisms that contribute to poverty and illiteracy
  • respect for confidentiality, promises, agreements and contracts

(New as of Oct. 2010)

ALL Learning Approaches and links to institutions and web sites supporting this section of the BAL Citizenship and Community Life have  been transferred to separate resource collection pages on


  • respect for the democratic process in establishing rules of conduct in the school and in the municipal, national and international contexts
  • knowledge of the principles of democracy and the charters and basic laws that ensure their application
  • knowledge of the main actors in political and social life and respect for their roles
  • knowledge of the rights and responsibilities associated with democratic institutions
  • critical thinking regarding various ideologies and forms of political organization
  • knowledge of the mechanisms for protection of citizens’ rights
A History of the Vote in Canada
Site sponsored by Elections Canada - Take one of nine a mini-journeys into the history of the vote, follow the timeline into the past, present or future of the vote, or play SElections - an election trivia game.
CIVNet: International Resource for Civic Education
http://civnet.org/  An international, non-governmental organisation dedicated to promoting civic education and civil society.

Structure of Government


Information on the facets of government and its key functions.
Nelson Political Science - Canadian Politics on the Web
Annotated links to hundreds of sites on the Internet that can help you with your research on Canadian politics and government. Many connections are provided to full-text documents as well as to useful

ABC of the [Quebec] National Assembly 
Have you ever wondered…
what the difference is between the National Assembly, Parliament and the Government?
what role MNAs play?
what a legislature, a session, a work period and a sitting are?
what role parliamentary committees play?
what steps are involved in passing a bill?

You be the Judge
You Be The Judge is the first Canadian student program to be conceived, designed and produced by judges. It is a multimedia educational program designed for integration into high school social studies, civics and law courses. You Be The Judge introduces students to the role of judges within our judicial system, and encourages exploration of important concepts such as the rule of law, judicial independence and judicial impartiality.

Back to top


  • respect for the principles, rules and strategies of teamwork and for complementary roles in the classroom and in workplace practicums
  • respect for a decision-making process based on compromise, consensus, etc.
  • establishment of egalitarian relationships
  • use of debate and argumentation
  • exercise of leadership in various ways
  • mutual help
  • involvement in community action projects

(New as of Nov. 2010)
Featured Site:  Éducaloi and Jeune pour jeunes:

Éducaloi is a non-profit organization whose mission is to inform Quebecers of their rights and obligations by providing quality legal information in everyday language. 

educaloi.qc.ca  Jeune pour jeunes

View our educaloi feature page here!

Speak Up! Dynamic Student Debating [On LEARN site]
Resources and materials to help you conduct lively debates.  Students section with help in setting up the process, sample topics.  Teachers section with appropriate theory and guides.  Includes it own debating resources section with links to more external sites. 

Canadian and Quebec Charter of Rights and Freedoms Activities [On LEARN site]
The executive of the Quebec branch of the Canadian Bar Association (CBA) has identified the secondary school as an environment in which it could assist in promoting legal knowledge.  To this end, a partnership was struck between educators from three Montreal area school boards and Quebec jurists to develop a pilot project. It is hoped that the secondary IV students for whom this program is prepared will develop both a greater interest and understanding in our legal system and though the mock trial with exercises, acquire the sense that oftentimes rights must be advocated to be protected.

Taking it Global - Take Action Section
The main Taking it Global site contains several overviews of key issues and offers students a chance to participate in discussions through various tools.  Several sections point to ways to take action, and include a new section called " Committments" where students can actively begin to get involved.   Various " Guides to Action" are also available.

Constitutional Rights Foundation
Main site leads to some programs,  such as a mock trial competition, but it seems mostly focused on forming US citizens.  However, to help students "participate" in society, various tools and techniques are organized in their useful links collection here:  http://www.crf-usa.org/act/ACT_ch6.htm

Back to top