Some Missing Pages: The Black Community in the History of Quebec and Canada
Appendix 1
The French Regime 1600-1760
1606 Mathieu de Costa interprets for Champlain at Port Royal. (He probably learned the Micmac language while sailing with Portuguese fishermen.)
  First Black slave purchased in Quebec (Olivier Le Jeune).
  Le Code noir, "Black Code" governing slavery throughout the French Empire.
1709 Intendant Raudot's decree regulating slavery in New France.
1734 Marie-Joseph Angélique, a Black slave, starts a serious fire in Montréal to escape; re-captured and executed.
1736 Intendant Hocquart's decree regulating the freeing of slaves in New France.

The British Regime 1760-1867
1760 In the 47th Article of Capitulation, in Montréal, the British guarantee to uphold slavery in their new colony.
pre 1800 Black loyalists establish settlements in Halifax, N.S., and Upper Canada after American independence.
  Migration of many Black Loyalists to Suerra Leone.
  Black property holders vote in Lower Canada's elections.
  Importing slaves to Upper Canada forbidden.
1796 Maroons arrive in N.S. from Jamaica.
  "Charlotte" and "Jude,", two Montréal negro women, win freedom via Lower Canada's courts.
1799 Papineau senior tries to re- establish slavery via Lower Canada's legislature.
  Slave trade abolished by the British.
  Black Americans migrate during/after The War of 1812.
  Slavery abolished throughout British Empire.
  Black militia units formed to put down 1837 rebellions. Black units guard Rideau Canal.
  Dawn/Dresden, Ontario, Black community.
  U.S. Fugitive Slave Act increases black migration (underground railway, H. Tubman & others).
1857 William Hall, first black V.C.
  Black "Victoria Rifles," B.C.
  U.S. civil war: many Blacks return to U.S.A.

Modern Canada and Quebec: 1867-
1853 Black press in Ontario. Mary Shadd, first woman editor in North America.
  A. Shadd elected to Raleigh town council.
1896 John Ware, pioneer Black Cowboy in Alberta.
  Montréal's Black community grows around railway headquarters because many hired as railway porters.
1900 Coloured Women's Club of Montréal started.
1907 Canada restricts immigration. Union United Church formed in Montréal.
  Many Blacks join the segregated Nova Scotian construction batallion formed in WW I.
  Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) founded by Marcus Garvey starts in Montréal.
1925 Oscar Peterson, Montréal's most famous jazz musician, born.
1929 Rockhead's Paradise, important entertainment centre, opens in Montréal.
1930 Massive unemployment among Blacks in the 1930's.
  Many Blacks enlist during WW II. no segregated units but discrimination continues in the armed forces.
194x Jackie Robinson breaks baseball's colour bar in Montréal.
  Post-war migration from Caribbean mainly women because of Canada's immigration policies.
1964 Québec law forbids discrimination in employment.
  Last segregated school in Ontario closes.
  Points system for immigrants adopted, paving the way for West Indian, African immigration.
1969 Sir George Williams Computer Dept. occupied in Montréal in protest against inequality.
  Lincoln Alexander, first Black in Federal Parliament, then cabinet, then first provincial Lieutenant-Governor.
  Rosemary Brown first provincially elected Black woman (in B.C.)
  Rise of Haitian immigration to Québec.
  First Black elected to Québec's National Assembly, Jean Alfred.

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