Black History -- Tracing Ongoing Contributions Throughout History
From the earliest explorers who brought slaves in New France to migrations from the United States and elsewhere, the threads of Black history in Canada are varied, often lost in the margins, too often just mentioned (when mentioned at all) but not usually uncovered in any detail, and much less with consideration of minority perspectives in mind.
A project just in its infancy at LEARN is something we are tentatively calling Essential Counter Histories. As we built materials (for the new History program, for example) we are allowing ourselves to wander into various margins, expanding on the program's knowledge lists, and beginning to tracing the contributions of different groups, over time and into the future, in Quebec and elsewhere too.
i.e. Black History is not just about Black History Month.
Teaching and Learning Tools
Educational Resources on LEARN
Some Missing Pages and A WW1 Soldier's Story
"A project on the presence of the Black community in Quebec and Canada." Note: We were unable to import the Missing Pages section of the old site, but the book has been made available. Download Also, we have created PDFs of the old learning scenario a Soldier's Story, which refers to the sections in the original book. Download
Black Loyalists in context of other Loyalist movements
Overview of loyalists experiences and Black settlements, article from the Societies & Territories Loyalist section. Go to page
Education Guides and Resources around the web
People of African Descent This lesson plan introduces a selection of historical works by artists' of African descent and portraits of individuals of African descent in the collection of the National Gallery of Canada. Go to site
Black History Month Lessons & Resources at NEA. American site but with several applicable lesson ideas and resources for use in Canadian classrooms too. Go to site
Guide to Online Resources for Teaching and Learning about Black History in Canada blog post by @AndreaEidinger Article with some good ideas and links to resources, media, social media, etc. Go to site
Your ideas on how to teach black history beyond Black History Month. CBC Forum article and comments by viewers on how to teach Black History Month, etc. Go to site
Ontario Black History Society. Notes on events, places to visit and resources. See their educator guide PDF at bottom of the page. Go to site
The Underground Railroad Lesson on Historical Thinking site Students use the National Geographic website to participate in an online simulation that traces the journey to freedom on the Underground Railroad. Go to site
Curated Resources, Web Sites and Video Collections
Web Sites worth visiting
Black History in Canada at Library and Archives Canada Research in published sources, Research at other institutions and online, etc. Go to site
Black History Canada. Mentioned above for their learning activities, see also their timeline of events in form of several articles. Mathieu Da Costa, Departure of Black Loyalists, Abolition of Enslavement in Canada, Founding of Oro Settlement, etc. Go to site
Black History Month Resources list from InspireLEARNING The resource list below offers some resources that may be helpful in learning about Black History both here in Canada, and around the world. Go to site
Images of Black History, Exploring the Alvin McCurdy Collection. Materials that pre-date the founding of the province in 1791, and extends through the mid-20th century. This exhibit illustrates some of the key events and trends in Ontario black history with pictures and documents. Go to site
ARCHIVED - The Anti-Slavery Movement in Canada. Archived content worth grabbing now. Sections on Black Communities in Canada Refugees, The Anti-Slavery Society of Canada, The American Civil War. Go to site
Video Collections worth viewing
National Film Board NFB.ca: THE BLACK COMMUNITY IN CANADA: A RICH HISTORY [Login to LEARN first then visit to access Campus, etc.]. To celebrate the history of the Black community in Canada, we've selected a group of NFB of films that can only scratch the surface of such a rich and multi-layered culture. Incredible stories in the Black community of strength, courage and perseverance in the face of adversity date back to the beginning of time. Go to site
CURIO: Celebrating Black History Month
[Login to LEARN then access via our button!] Curio.ca has pulled together a selection of teacher resource guides, videos and audio series that honour black history in Canada. These resources are intended to complement teachers’ Black History Month activities and initiatives. In particular, we wish to highlight the Burgundy Jazz Teacher Resource Guide, a must-read resource aimed at educators at the elementary (Grades 6-8) and secondary school levels. Go to site
CTV video related to BLACK HISTORY MONTH.
Local Quebec-focused stories that highlight prominent individuals influencing history now. Go to site
New York Times list: 28 Days, 28 Films for Black History Month
Our chief film critics have chosen essential movies from the 20th century that convey the larger history of black Americans in cinema. Go to site
Consultant LEARN et contacts
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TEMPORARY SECTION - Old site links to check
These are resources from our old, old site. Just pasting here temporarily to check the links.
Jazz - A History of America's Music
The Fight for Equal Rights: Black Soldiers in the Civil War
The Amistad Case
Beyond the Playing Field: Jackie Robinson, Civil Rights Advocate
BooksShades of Black - The Best Books on the Black Experience in Canada
by Nancy Sparks and Jane Thornley
African American historical documents online
Do you like the idea of using historical documents with your students but aren't quite sure what to do with them? Try consulting some of the websites listed at the end of this page to get resources on the use of primary sources in the classroom.
African American Odyssey: A Quest for Full Citizenship
This Special Presentation of the Library of Congress exhibition, The African American Odyssey: A Quest for Full Citizenship, showcases the Library's incomparable African American collections. Includes a wide array of full-text important and rare books, government documents, manuscripts, maps, and musical scores.
African American Perspectives - Pamphlets from the The Daniel A. P. Murray Collection 1818-1907
The collection presents a panoramic and eclectic review of African-American history and culture, spanning almost one hundred years from the early nineteenth through the early twentieth centuries, with the bulk of the material published between 1875 and 1900. Among the authors represented are Frederick Douglass, Booker T. Washington, Ida B. Wells-Barnett, Benjamin W. Arnett, Alexander Crummel, and Emanuel Love.
African-American Women - On-line Archival Collections - Special Collections Library, Duke University
Elizabeth Johnson Harris - Life Story, 1867-1923
Elizabeth Johnson Harris was born in Augusta, Georgia, in 1867 to parents who had been slaves. This on-line collection includes full text of her memoirs as well as several of her poems and vignettes that were published in various newspapers during her lifetime.
Vilet Lester Letter, 1857
Although many of the facts of Vilet Lester's life may be elusive, she still gives us a rare and precious view into slave life through this letter.
Hannah Valentine and Lethe Jackson: Slave Letters 1837-1838
These letters were written by Hannah Valentine and Lethe Jackson to their mistresses and other slave family members during this time period. The letters provide a rare firsthand glimpse into the lives of slaves and the relationships they had with their owners.
African American Women Writers of the 19th Century
A digital collection of some 52 published works by 19th-century black women writers. A part of the Digital Schomburg, this collection provides access to the thought, perspectives and creative abilities of black women as captured in books and pamphlets published prior to 1920. A full text database of these 19th and early 20th- century titles, this digital library is key-word-searchable.
American Slave Narratives: An Online Anthology
From Slavery to Freedom: The African-American Pamphlet Collection, 1824-1909
Presents 397 pamphlets from the Rare Book and Special Collections Division, published from 1824 through 1909, by African-American authors and others who wrote about slavery, African colonization, Emancipation, Reconstruction, and related topics. The materials range from personal accounts and public orations to organizational reports and legislative speeches.
The Fight for Equal Rights: Black Soldiers in the Civil War
The Amistad Case
Beyond the Playing Field: Jackie Robinson, Civil Rights Advocate
Oscar Peterson - A Jazz Sensation / Une sensation jazz
http://www.nlc-bnc.ca/oscarpeterson/ Mary Shadd Cary (1823-1893)
http://www.nlc-bnc.ca/2/12/h12-204-e.html Mary Shadd Cary (1823-1893)
En français - http://www.nlc-bnc.ca/2/12/h12-204-f.html Slave, Soldier, Settler One Pioneer's Story, The
Life of Richard Pierpoint
http://archive.li/x6yxN is only copy I found of activity for:
This lesson activity looks at the life of Richard Pierpoint, an African and one of the first
non-Native settlers of Ontario. He is a reminder that Ontario from its earliest roots was a
multi-ethnic society. The activity can be used during Black History Month as a special project,
for multi-cultural studies or for a unit on pioneers. It is geared for a Formative Years level
class, but could be modified for later or earlier grades.
Frederick Douglass - American Visionaries
Frederick Douglass has been called the father of the civil rights movement. He rose through determination, brilliance, and eloquence to shape the American nation. He was an abolitionist, human rights and women's rights activist, orator, author, journalist, publisher, and social reformer.
Frederick Douglass National Historic Site
Frederick Douglass was born into slavery on the Eastern Shore of Maryland in 1818, and was given the name Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey (Baly), after his mother Harriet Bailey. During the course of his remarkable life he escaped from slavery, became internationally renowned for his eloquence in the cause of liberty, and went on to serve the national government in several official capacities. Through his work he came into contact with many of the leaders of his times. His early work in the cause of freedom brought him into contact with a wide array of abolitionists and social reformers. As a major Stationmaster on the Underground Railroad he directly helped hundreds on their way to freedom through his adopted home city of Rochester, NY.
Great African Americans - Celebrate Black History Month - History Channel.com
Muhammad Ali | Martin Luther King, Jr. | Louis Armstrong | Thurgood Marshall | Josephine Baker | Toni Morrison | Chuck Berry | Jesse Owens | Ralph Bunche | Rosa Parks | George Washington Carver |Sidney Poitier | Nat King Cole | Colin Powell | Frederick Douglass | Jackie Robinson | W.E.B Du Bois | Harriet Tubman | Duke Ellington | Sojourner Truth | Alex Haley | Booker T. Washington | Billie Holiday | Ida B. Wells | Langston Hughes | Oprah Winfrey | Jesse Jackson | Malcolm X
The Long Walk of Nelson Mandela - An intimate portrait of one of the 20th century's greatest leaders
http://www.anc.org.za/people/mandela.html Martin Luther King Jr. - A Man Who Stirred the Nation
http://www.blackvoices.com/feature/blk_history_98/mlk_98/index.htmlJackie Robinson - Stealing Home
African American sitesAfricana.com - The Digital Bridge
Articles, columns, biographies of historical and contemporary figures and much, much more...
The African American Journey - History
American History | Genealogy | Slavery | Harlem Renaissance | Military History | Civil Rights Movement | Speeches & Other Historical Documents
Africans in America - America's Journey Through Slavery
A major collection of images, documents, stories, biographies, and commentaries.
History and culture links
Fun and games | Myths and fables | Brain Teasers | Discover Africa
A fabulous resource including a plethora of historical texts and documents, biographies of prominent historical figures. Also contains folk tales, trivia games and more.
http://www.blackhistory.com/cgi-bin/webc.cgi/home.htmlThe Black Press - Soldiers Without Swords
http://www.pbs.org/blackpress/index.htmlBlack Resistance - Slavery in the United States
http://www.afroam.org/history/slavery/main.htmlThe Blurred Racial Lines of Famous Families - Frontline
One of the early roots of the film "Secret Daughter" was FRONTLINE's research into the growing debate over racial classification and the social phenomenon commonly known as "passing." Mario deValdes y Cocom, an historian of the African diaspora, researched some of history's more interesting examples of mixed racial heritage.
Explore jazz history through on photograph...
The Internet African American History Challenge©
Profiles of Some Important 19th Century African Americans
http://www.brightmoments.com/blackhistory/The Menare Foundation's North Star Website
In 1998 The Menare Foundation, Inc. sponsored The Walk to Canada: The Revival, a three-month journey through ten different states from Alabama to Canada, where Anthony Cohen traced routes of the Underground Railroad to bring attention to its important history. Within this site you can read excerpts from Anthony's 1998 "Walk." Learn how to document Underground Railroad sites and preserve safe-houses in your area. You will also find special resources and educational activities. Multicultural Pavillion - Classic African American Literature
Links to online texts written by Frederick Douglass, Maya Angelou, W.E.B. Dubois, Martin Luther King, Jr. and many others.
National Geographic Online presents - The Underground Railway
http://www.nationalgeographic.com/features/99/railroad/The Two Nations of Black America - Frontline
In this FRONTLINE report, correspondent Henry Louis Gates, Jr., a Harvard scholar, explores the gaping chasm between the upper and lower classes of black America and probes why it has happened: "How have we reached this point where we have both the largest black middle class and the largest black underclass in our history?"
Interviews with Henry Louis Gates, Jr. | Julian Bond | Eldrige Cleaver | Kathleen Cleaver | Angela Davis | Christopher Edley | Jesse Jackson | Quincy Jones | Maulana Karenga | Cornel West | William Julius Wilson
The Underground Railroad Freedom Center
African Canadian History
Some Missing Pages:
The Black Community in the History of Québec and Canada >>
Blacks have continued to make a positive impact on Canadian society though largely missing from popular texts and public documents. This document focuses on their contribution. The material is directly compatible with the History of Québec and Canada program (History 414). Many of the items included can also serve as valuable content in a variety of subject areas and grade levels.
See also: A web and paper-based activity:
A Soldier's Life: The History of Black Soldiers and their Impact ...
Based on: Some Missing Pages
Toronto.ca has put up a few excellent resources, including a nice timeline of Black History before and after the Europeans, and also “Journey to the Present”: A Black History Month Exhibit. Visit their site at http://www.toronto.ca/blackhistory/
Radio-Canada has put up a BHM site in English and French which details events and contains media at http://moishistoiredesnoirs.com/
York Region has a nice list of resources and sites as well at http://www.yrdsb.edu.on.ca/page.cfm?id=STU000004
Citizenship and Immigration Canada has a Youtube channel containing several videos related to Black History in Canada. They recently posted a sample with transcript of Proud of our History on their main site as well at
Northern Blue Publishing is pleased to announce the release of the Slavery in Canada Portal, to commemorate Black History Month and to serve as a resource site for students of Canadian history. For more information about using these materials in your classroom, please visit the Northern Blue Publishing home pages.
Great Unsolved Mysteries: Resource for Black History. If you’re going to be studying Black History Month be sure to check out this mystery: Torture and the Truth: Angélique and the Burning of Montreal
Black History Month - African Heritage Month
Multiculturism - Canadian Heritage Site
See also some of their subsections such as:
The Canadian Teacher links collection on Black History
A growing collection of links to sites and lesson ideas for teachers in Canada. Includes elementary and secondary materials.
CBC Archives Celebrating Black History
"CBC Digital Archives has pulled together a selection of radio and TV clips that honour black history — some of which exemplify the racism blacks have had to endure and overcome, both in Canada and around the world, while others highlight the remarkable accomplishments of extraordinary people."
Celebrate Black History Month - Educational Materials
Materials intended to accompany the A&E Classroom videos.
History Channel - Great African Americans
Online profiles and some videos available for purchase: Muhammad Ali, Martin Luther King, Jr., Louis Armstrong, Thurgood Marshall, Josephine Baker, Toni Morrison, Jesse Owens, Ralph Bunche, Rosa Parks, George Washington Carver, Sidney Poitier, Nat King Cole, Frederick Douglass, Jackie Robinson, W.E.B Du Bois, Harriet Tubman, Duke Ellington, Sojourner Truth, Alex Haley, Booker T. Washington, Billie Holiday, Ida B. Wells, Langston Hughes, Oprah Winfrey, Jesse Jackson, Malcolm X