Write a Letter
What is a letter?
Letters are written for many reasons. Some people write friendly letters to keep in touch with people they know well, like friends, and pen pals. Some people write formal letters to people they do not know at all, like sports stars, government officials, a large company or an environmental organization. With the popularity of emails, letter writing has become even more widespread.
When do you need this?
People write friendly letters to friends and family to share stories about themselves, to talk about new things that have happened to them or to ask friends and family about what is new in their lives. These letters can also be used to ask for advice, to give an opinion on something like a movie, or to say thank-you. These letters sound friendly and may also include your feelings. People usually write formal letters to people they do not know well in order to ask for information or to give an opinion about an issue or subject.
Related Resources

Step 1

Choose a purpose

Start with a reason and audience for your letter.

What is the goal of your letter? You can write a letter to:

  • Share a story
  • Retell something that happened
  • Get news
  • Seek advice
  • Ask for information
  • Give your opinion
  • Thank someone


Who will be receiving your letter? A friend, a family member or somebody you don't really know? Remember, your audience will have an impact on the tone of your letter and determine whether it's friendly or formal.

You can brainstorm ideas to help you choose your topic.

Brainstorming Tool

Step 2

Gather your information

You will always need to know the name and address or your recipient.

For a friendly letter, answer the following question:

  • What is the news or story that I want to share?


For a formal letter, answer the following questions:

  • What is the point of my letter? What is the information I want to communicate or find out?


Think about some of the letters you have read or received before you start writing your own. Here are some examples of friendly letters and formal letters you can read:

Step 3

Write your letter

Use the Letter Planning Tools to help you write your draft – there are two for each type of letter so choose the one you like best:

Step 4

Revise your letter

You always need to review your letter before sending it (by email, by post or in person) to the person who will be receiving it. Revise your letter by asking yourself the following questions:

  • Are my ideas clear?
  • Have I corrected all spelling and grammar mistakes?
  • Have I included all the necessary elements (date, salutation, closing, signature)?


You can always ask your friends, your teacher or a parent to help you improve your letter. Use one of the tools below to help you:


Now, write your good copy!